“Imagination is more important than knowledge. For knowledge is limited, whereas imagination embraces the entire world, stimulating progress, giving birth to evolution.” -Albert Einstein
Such a quote seems very applicable today in the world of education as knowledge is easily accessible and we have issues that come with too much information, what is real, etc. The idea of imagination is directly related to creativity. Let’s start with a few definitions of what creativity really is. This blog post will provide some ideas on how to define creativity and why we need it. Ironically, I am writing this why we are having fun standardized testing, so it is sort of therapy for me in a way.
Creativity- What is it?
Would you label yourself a creative person? It seems simple, and maybe it is, but maybe it is so simple it is actually quite complicated- Make sense?
In the 1980’s a researcher by the name of Paul Torrence set out to define creativity while spending many years coming up with ways to test creativity. After years, he concluded that creativity “defies precise definition” (1988, p. 43). But this did not stop him from coming up with a somewhat survivalist definition, “When a person has no learned or practiced solution to a problem, some degree of creativity is required” (1988, p. 57). He also used the previous work of Taylor, and outlined five levels of creativity: expressive, productive, inventive, innovative, and emergenative. Emergenative was the level that most people think about when thinking about creativity and was “where there is an entirely new principle or assumption around which new schools, movements, and the like can flourish” (Torrance, 1988, p. 46).
One of the main educational guru’s today calling for an increase in creativity in the classroom is Sir Ken Robinson. He described creativity more simply as “the process of having original ideas that have value” (2011, p. 151). He also saw creativity as being directly linked to imagination. “Imagination is the source of our creativity…it is the ability to bring to mind things that are not present in our senses” (Robinson, 2011, p. 141). He saw creativity as the next step that involved using our imagination to actually do something. “Creativity involves putting your imagination to work…creativity is applied imagination” (Robinson, 2011, p. 142).
People are not creative in general, but in a particular sense. It is also a process that involved generating ideas, making judgments, judging value, making connections, and having the freedom and control to make it happen. The creation of an innovation is the final step in the process, where creativity is further applied.
I feel fortunate to work in what I would call a creative place, surrounded by creative people. It is hard for me to imagine being at a school that is different, but the truth is that most traditional schools are far from it. I mentioned in the last blog, my belief in different types of schools for different people, but for me, creativity is what makes teaching what it is, and what makes it meaningful to teachers, students, and other stakeholders. Here are a few reasons why:
It is a Key Component of 21st Century Skills and ISTE Standards
Creativity is one of the 4 C’s under Learning and Innovation Skills along with collaboration, critical thinking, and communication. It is also the first ISTE Student Standard, which states: Creativity and Innovation- Students demonstrate creative thinking, construct knowledge, and develop innovative products and processes using technology. If for no other reason, try something creative because they told you to! (Resources and ideas on how to be creative coming later in a different post)
Jobs of the Future will Require It
I realize the need for some standardization, we all need to have some basic skills to communicate effectively and get by in our daily lives, but I feel we should have different school experiences. As our students of today are entering the workforce of tomorrow, they will take on a variety of different roles and jobs. We do not even know what some of these jobs are, but most will involve creativity in some capacity. If the job is simple, it will be automated by technology or sent overseas where it can be done for a fraction of the cost. A great book about this is World Class Learners by Zhao, who shared, “current students need to be able to compete in an intelligent, highly creative marketplace. …a well prepared citizen of the future needs to be creative, entrepreneurial, and globally competent” (Zhao, 2012, p. 15). I do not think we are doing ourselves any favors by all learning the same stuff.
It can make learning Meaningful for Teachers and Students
Having some leeway in what to teach and how to teach can go along way to keep a teacher motivated. When a teacher is allowed some freedom to be creative, that teacher will be passionate about teaching, and the students will be a lot more likely to be into it as well. High Tech High Teachers have complete control over what they teach. They end up only teaching about 40% of the standards and sign a contract a year at a time. But, it seems to be working. I think that teaching is much too personable to become one of those jobs that can be done by a robot. Let teachers who want to be creative, try new things, and push boundaries do so and education will be better because of it.
I would be more than happy to share anything I have and resources mentioned here if anyone is interested. Also, if you have your own ideas, applicable resources, please share. Please tune in next time and I will share some how to be creative ideas!
Robinson, K. (2011). Out of our minds: Learning to be creative (Vol. 2). United Kingdom: Capstone Publishing Company
Torrance, E. (1993). Understanding Creativity: Where to Start?. Psychological Inquiry, 4(3), 232.
Zhao, Y. (2012). World class learners: Educating creative and entrepreneurial students Thousand Oakes, CA: Corwin.